Cheese is an independent product and one of the most popular ingredients in various dishes. Why cheese is useful for human health, to whom it is harmful, how much it can be eaten, as well as how to choose and store cheese correctly.
How cheese is made
Each type of cheese is produced according to its own technology, but there are general principles for its production. To do this, use milk and a special rennet, which is necessary for curdling milk. Then the resulting cheese mass is filtered, stirred and heated, after which the cheese is salted and left to ripen. Also, special mold and various bacteria can be added to it.
Composition and calorie content of cheese
This product is saturated with calcium and phosphorus, as well as zinc, iodine, selenium, iron, copper, potassium. Cheeses are quite high in calories. For example, 100 grams of cheddar contains 402 kcal, parmesan - 431 kcal, dor blue - 337 kcal, Adyghe - 264 kcal. The nutritional value of cheese is very high - it contains up to 30% fat and 15-27% milk protein. Due to its high protein content, cheese helps to increase immunity, stabilize appetite, and also serves as a building material for muscles, stimulates cell growth, development and repair. The product contains a large amount of calcium, which strengthens bones, protects against caries, so it is important to include it in the diet for those who suffer from a deficiency of the element and concomitant diseases. It is known that 100 grams of the product contains the daily calcium requirement, but this depends on the variety. Also, the benefit of cheese is to increase energy and performance due to the vitamin b12, and the amino acid tryptophan, which is responsible for the synthesis of serotonin, will help boost mood. Due to the optimal amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, as well as beneficial bacteria that improve the intestinal microflora, the product improves the metabolism in the body.
The benefits of cheese for women are calcium, the lack of which can cause brittle hair, nails, and brittle bones and teeth. Because of this, the product should not be completely eliminated from the diet for those who are health conscious and want to look good. Not all cheeses can be consumed during pregnancy, however, Gouda, Maasdam, Parmesan, Cheddar, Poshekhonsky and others can saturate a woman's body with useful substances and strengthen the immune system.
The benefits of blue cheese are anti-inflammatory, it also helps fight stress, normalizes sleep, regulates hormones, and enhances the production of melanin in the skin. At the same time, it is harmful to eat it on an empty stomach, because the mold in the composition can lead to dysbiosis, exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases, allergic reactions with individual intolerance. Pregnant women should not eat such cheese, because it contains the bacterium Listeria monocyotogenes, which can provoke listeriosis and lead to miscarriage.
This type of cheese differs in that it is made from soy puree, not milk. The benefits of tofu are that it does not contain milk fat, which is a source of cholesterol, and its protein is easily digested. The use of this product has a positive effect on the cardiovascular and nervous systems, digestion, and also strengthens the immune system, reduces the risk of gallstones and kidney stones. Despite this, tofu should not be overused - it can lead to hormonal disruptions and diarrhea.
Adyghe cheese has a rather low calorie content, which is why it is recommended for athletes and those who are losing weight. It is also easy to digest and a good source of calcium. At the same time, you cannot use it in large quantities, it can lead to headaches and is contraindicated for people with lactose intolerance.
This type of cheese can be beneficial for the gastrointestinal tract, improving its function. It also contains vitamins and minerals the body needs. Despite this, people who are overweight and have high cholesterol should not eat it. Preservatives are often added to curd cheese, so before buying, you should carefully read the composition so that the product does not harm the body.
Processed cheese is obtained by melting one or more types of cheese with the addition of milk, butter and sour cream. It is believed that such a product contains less cholesterol and is absorbed faster by the body. The casein contained in processed cheese improves the condition of muscle tissue and has a positive effect on brain function. It contains vitamin A, which helps to normalize vision, and vitamins E, D improve the skin and strengthen the hair.
At the same time, a higher sodium content does not have the best effect on the work of the heart, it can cause an increase in pressure. In allergy sufferers, aromatic additives and flavor enhancers can cause a negative reaction in the body. Sausage cheese is a special case of processed cheese and differs, first of all, in the form of release.
Goat cheese is healthy because it contains a small amount of fat, which can reduce the amount of cholesterol in the diet if replaced with regular cheese. It also contains less lactose, so the product is suitable for people with lactose intolerance. Despite this, it is not recommended for gastritis or ulcers, because it can increase the acidity of the stomach.
Suluguni is able to establish metabolic processes in the body, and potassium in its composition has a beneficial effect on the work of the cardiovascular system. Also, this type of cheese normalizes the water-salt balance and nourishes muscle tissue at the expense of phosphorus. Smoked suluguni is harmful for those who have gastritis or ulcers, because it can provoke an exacerbation of these diseases. Also, the high calorie content of the product should be taken into account by overweight people.
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