Throughout its history, the Islamic Republic of Iran has long been a vast empire: ancient Persia controlled what is today called the Middle East. Today the country is the center of Shiite Islam.
The population of the country is about 80 million people, the area is 1,648,000 square meters. The country is one of the most advanced in the Middle East and throughout the Islamic world in technical and military terms. The most important cities in the country are:
The mosque in Tabriz was built in 1465 by order of Shah Jahan, whose mausoleum is located on the territory belonging to the shrine. It is covered with huge marble slabs, on which verses from the Koran are engraved against the background of delicate arabesques. The roof of the mausoleum and the main building of the mosque collapsed during the earthquake of 1779, but were restored in the 20th century by the architect Reza Memaran Benam.
Shah Cherakh (Lord of Light) is the most colorful and popular mosque in Shiraz. This is the tomb of the sons of al-Kadim, who were killed in the civil war of 835. The mosque itself was built in the 9th century, and the mausoleum in the 14th.
The interior of the mosque is decorated with mirrored silver slabs trimmed with precious stones. This mosaic reflects light in a peculiar way, creating the illusion of a huge magic mirror. Hence the name of the sanctuary - "Mirror Mosque".
Built during the Safawi period and today listed as a UNESCO heritage site, the Imam Mosque is a fine example of Islamic architecture. Magnificent in the sanctuary is a 7-color mosaic decorated with calligraphic inscriptions.
The cathedral was built in 1964-1970 by the Sargsyan brothers in memory of their parents. Its main attractions are: a gallery with a choir and a bell tower, built in 2000.
And today the sanctuary looks great and is a place where Christians can pray, spiritually relax, where many solemn events are organized, most often associated with engagements and christenings. The cathedral is located on the left bank of the Hrazdan River, in the Kentron region.
Located next to Tehran's huge bazaar, the Imam Khomeini Mosque is the largest and busiest attraction in the capital.
The building of the sanctuary was constructed at the beginning of the 18th century, during the reign of Shah Kajali Fath and Shah Nasreddin, whose names are the minarets of the mosque. It boasts colorful Persian-style architecture, a vast plaza and original arches at the entrance.
A masterpiece of a Safavid architect, the Sheikh Lutfulla Mosque was built in the early 17th century. It does not have a minaret, and the facade and gates are made of marble, the calligraphic inscriptions on which were made by the master calligrapher Ali Reza Abbasi.
A unique feature of the mosque is a peacock in the center of its dome, in the loose tail of which the sunlight is interestingly reflected. And one more thing: tourists who got into the mosque have the opportunity to contemplate the amazing beauty of handmade carpets.
Located in the Beheshti Zahra cemetery, the mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini is a place of pilgrimage for his followers. The architect of the monumental structure is Mohammed Terani.
Inside, Khomeini's sarcophagus is located in the center, under a golden dome, which rests on 8 huge columns. The walls of the mausoleum are made of white marble, and the floor, also marble, is covered with thin carpets. Non-Muslims can also visit the complex.
Tehran's oldest historical monument is the former royal palace and residence of the Qajar family. During the Pahlavi era, it was used for official receptions and coronations. The palace complex consists of 17 buildings, museums and halls, which were built over a period of almost 200 years.
In 1806, the Takht-e Marmar terrace was built, decorated with paintings, sculptures, mirrors, and barred windows. Its main attraction is the Marble Throne, the work of Mirza Baba Nagash-Bashi. Of interest to tourists will be in the palace: the Hoze Khaneh hall, where works by European artists are exhibited; a museum of gifts, where there are many rare exhibits; Talar-e Aineh, which is famous for its extraordinary mirrors.
Located in the center of the park, Chehel Sotun was built for Shah Abbas. Historical references to the palace appeared in 1614, but the inscriptions on the walls say that the palace was built in 1647.
The pavilion at the entrance to the palace is supported by 20 slender wooden columns, which, reflected in the water, seem to be infinitely long. The main attractions of Chehel Sotun are frescoes, the work of ancient Persian masters. In addition to them, here you can see amazing porcelain, unique carpets, ancient armor and rare coins.
Built by the Pahlavi dynasty, today the Saadabad Palace is the official residence of the President of Iran. The complex was first inhabited in the 19th century: Reza Shah lived here in 1920, and his son, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi died in the 1970s.
After the Iranian Revolution, part of Saadabad became a museum complex where visitors have the opportunity to travel through the rich history of Iran. The Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran is also located here, which is responsible for the preservation of cultural artifacts, objects and aspects of the country.
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