The country became Muslim and became part of the Arab Caliphate. It was under the rule of the Emir of Bahrain, the Ottoman Empire, under the protectorate of Britain. Since 1971, Qatar has gained independence and since 2003, according to the new constitution, has become an absolute monarchy. The ruling dynasty of al-Thani has been in power in the country since 1825 to the present. In the same year, 1825, the capital was built, then Al-Bida, now it is called Doha. It is home to almost 90% of the indigenous population of the country.
Qatar is a small country in the Persian Gulf, one of the richest countries in the world. The tourism industry is a growing area in the economy, which the government places a lot of emphasis on. To attract guests, Qatari hotels offer lower prices than neighboring UAE with the same high level of service.
The main resort of Qatar is the capital city of Doha, where you can sunbathe on well-groomed beaches and enjoy excellent shopping at affordable prices (compared to the same Abu Dhabi or Dubai). If we compare Qatar with the Emirates, then we can conclude that this is the UAE 5-7 years ago. That is, the tourist infrastructure and service have already reached a decent level, and prices have remained more than affordable.
The best time to travel to Qatar is from March to May and from September to January. In the summer months, the temperature reaches +50 degrees, which makes a comfortable stay almost impossible.
The capital, the main settlement of Qatar, where 50% of the country's inhabitants live. In the XIX century the city was one of the most important ports of the British Empire. After the discovery of oil and gas fields, a rich and modern metropolis with parks, skyscrapers, shopping centers, magnificent hotels and well-groomed embankments has grown on the site of a nondescript town.
Museum of Islamic Art
Located in Doha, it is an outstanding example of modern architecture that fits perfectly into the urban landscape of the capital. There are about 10 thousand exhibits in the museum collections, including ancient manuscripts of the Koran, modern creations of Islamic artists, and rare books. The building was built in 2007 by the American architect Vignoli.
It stretches for several kilometers along the Persian Gulf and is a favorite place for tourists and locals to walk. The embankment starts at the Sheraton Hotel and ends at the Marriott Hotel. Prestigious apartments, office buildings, cultural sites and park areas are located here.
A marvel of modern architecture, the tallest tower in the capital. The structure was built in the form of a torch topped with intertwining steel ovals. The height of the tower is almost 318 meters. On 36 floors there are offices, a hotel, a swimming pool, a sports museum and commercial premises. The Aspire Tower was erected in honor of the 2006 Asian Games held in Qatar.
Part of the historical heritage of Qatar and one of the most important cultural sites of the country. This is a construction of the beginning of the 20th century, which was used as a coast guard post until the 80s. The fort follows the style of traditional architecture of the Arabian Peninsula - it has a laconic and practical design, thick walls, round battlements on the sides.
Fort Al Kut
Another historical monument, used as a police building and prison during the Turkish occupation. After the Arab authorities came to power, the fortress was no longer used due to the end of hostilities. In 1978, after a large-scale reconstruction, a museum was opened here, where products of national Qatari crafts are exhibited.
Umm Salal Mohammed Fort
It is located 25 kilometers from the city of Doha. It is a small building built in the middle of the desert on the shores of the azure waters of the Persian Gulf. There is also a recently restored small mosque. The fort is not always open, it is possible to enter there only if one of the servants opens the door.
Souk Waqif Market
A traditional Arab bazaar where everything is sold: exotic birds, carpets, jewelry, spices, clothes, weapons, furniture, souvenirs. The stone streets of the market are periodically patrolled by mounted police in arafats and caftans, which adds additional color to the place. There are also many restaurants hidden here where locals meet to smoke hookah.
Ethnographic village "Katara" (Doha)
Created with the assistance of Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani with the aim of familiarizing tourists with the history and cultural heritage of the country. The village is included in all tourist routes. On its territory there are exhibition galleries, theaters, shops with local pearls, there is even a well-maintained beach.
Pearl of Qatar
An artificial island where luxurious apartments, private villas and expensive hotels are built. Up to 40,000 thousand people can fit on the island, the total area is 4 km², and the length is 32 km. This is a very ambitious project designed to attract funds from local and foreign investors. It helps to popularize and raise the prestige of Qatar.