UNIX is a family of multitasking operating systems that are qualitatively different from Windows systems in that they are open source multiuser systems and are distributed under the GNU license, that is, absolutely free. This family includes such popular Linux operating systems as Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS and others. Today UNIX-systems are distributed mainly among servers, and as integrated systems for all kinds of equipment. We are of course interested in using Unix for server administration, and this will be discussed in this article.
Linux's main competitor is, of course, Windows. Let's consider the main advantages of Linux systems when used as a server OS:
Of course, the main advantage of Linux is that you don't have to pay for Linux. Now the cost of a Windows Server license when paid for 1 month starts at about $ 20, not to mention the purchase of a license. You can install the same CentOS or Debian absolutely free.
In terms of performance, Linux performs much better than Windows. This is due to the fact that the Linux OS is capable of processing more processes at the same time, but of course you should not forget about the configuration of the server itself, as poor configuration can spoil any benefits.
Linux systems are somewhat simpler than Windows, and have a different structure, which makes it possible to eliminate many security vulnerabilities in modern operating systems. There are also fewer malicious programs for Linux due to its lower popularity. Please note that the rumor that there are no and cannot be viruses on Linux is not true. Malware also exists for Linux.
This is a big advantage over Windows. Finding an administrator who will perform non-standard work or solve a complex problem on a server running Windows will be much more difficult, and such work will cost a lot. In the case of using Linux, you will find a huge number of specialists, which will naturally reduce the cost of work. Also, on the network you will find information on solving absolutely any problem on Linux and, if you wish, you can solve it yourself, not to mention the fact that you can implement anything on Linux.
For installation on a server we recommend using OC Centos or Debian, at the moment these are the most widespread and functional operating systems for these purposes. Please note that Ubuntu, despite its popularity, is not a server operating system. created for desktop use (on home PCs), the server counterpart of Ubuntu is Debian.
We also draw your attention to the fact that Well-web employs specialists with over 8 years of experience in administering any systems. For qualified advice on server administration or configuration, please contact our round-the-clock support center.
Linux is an operating system just like Windows; Mac OS X, developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991. An operating system is the interface between software and hardware. It provides services for applications and controls computer equipment. Linux was originally just an operating system, but now it has become the platform for running desktops, embedded systems, and servers. It was developed as an alternative to Minix (a UNIX clone developed by Andrew S. Tanenbaum). Linux has many variations and distributions due to its modular design. The kernel is at the core or core of a Linux system. It schedules applications or processes, manages major peripherals, controls network access, and controls file system services.
Let's now briefly discuss some of the benefits of Linux:
1. Open source:
One of the main advantages of Linux is that it is an open source operating system, meaning its source code is readily available to everyone. Anyone who is capable of coding can contribute, modify, improve, and distribute the code to anyone and for any purpose.
Linux is more secure than other operating systems like Windows. Linux is not completely secure as it has some malware, but it is less vulnerable than others. Every program in Linux, be it an application or a virus, requires administrator authorization in the form of a password. If the password is not entered, the virus will not start. No antivirus software is required on Linux.
3. Revive old computer systems:
Linux helps you to use or use your old and legacy computer systems as a firewall, router, backup or file server, and more. There are many distributions available for use, depending on the capabilities of your system. How you can use Puppy Linux for budget systems.
4. Software updates:
On Linux, you are faced with a lot of software updates. These software updates are much faster than updates on any other operating system. Updates in Linux can be easily performed without any major problems or issues.
The feature that gives the main advantage over other operating systems is customization. You can customize any feature, add or remove any feature according to your needs as it is an open source operating system. Not only that, various wallpapers and attractive icon themes can be set to give an amazing look to your system.
6. Various Distributions:
There are many distributions available, also called Linux bistros. It provides various options or tastes for users. You can choose any bistro according to your needs. Some Linux bistros are Fedora, Ubuntu, Arch Linux, Debian, Linux Mint and many more. If you are a beginner, you can use Ubuntu or Linux Mint. If you are a good programmer, you can use Debian or Fedora.
7. Free to use (low cost):
Linux is freely available on the web for download and use. You don't need to buy a license for it, as Linux and many of its programs come with the GNU General Public License. This turned out to be one of the main advantages of Linux over Windows and other operating systems. You have to spend a huge amount to buy a Windows license, which is not the case for Linux.