Orthopedic is a branch within medicine in its essence, that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of skeletal deformities in patients. An orthopedic specialist is a person who specializes in the study of the human skeletal structure. In the past 3 decades, the arena of orthopedic devices has flourished immensely. Following is a list of a few creative tools and techniques that are being used to treat the disorders in orthopedics.
The refinement in surgical procedures has resulted in astonishing outcomes over time. New clinical procedures consist of tissue-guided surgeries, motion preservation techniques, cement-less joint replacement, and minimal invasive surgeries. For instance, cement-less joint replacement utilizes elements of crystals or coating with tiny holes, which enables the bone to grow and bind with the component providing a long-lasting bond.
The evolution of diagnostic tools has significantly improved a surgeon's ability to diagnose, plan, and execute surgical procedures. 3-D imaging of the damaged area in the skeletal structure before, during, and after the surgery enhances the positioning of implantation. Instrument tracking technology, software for surgical planning and intraoperative imaging in association with 3D imaging systems help specialists to use instruments more precisely according to the patient's inner structure.
The Past decade has been a spectator, while 3D printing technologies evolved and expanded its domain. They are used in the manufacturing of implants as it allows to personalize the implants in both size and shape to better accommodate the metal with bone. 3D printing technology is also utilized in the production of anatomical models that enables surgeons to perform on a plastic model before the actual surgery. The advanced technology of 3D printing has resulted in reduced surgery time, and expenses, improving the overall output of the operation as well as implants.
Intelligent sensor-based implants have reformed both the procedure as well as post-operation recovery. It provides the orthopedic specialist with the real-time details required for positioning during surgeries. The sensor-based implants are friendly for both pocket and time. These implants possess the ability to protect against a major issue in orthopedic surgeries, i.e., periprosthetic infection.
Ortho-biologics thrives on the regenerative characteristics of cells in the human body. It is made up of all 100% natural substances found in the human body. It has demonstrated its benefits by accelerating the recovery of damaged bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. It incorporates growth factors, platelet-rich plasma, autologous conditions serum, bone grafts, stem cells, and autologous blood.
Orthopedic operations involving robotics are far less intruding and offer increased precision. The new technology allows an orthopedic specialist to perform surgeries with only 1-2cm of an incision. Reduction of meddling with the body, results in a faster recovery and shorter stay at hospitals. Several studies show strong evidence of fruitful outcomes from employing robots in surgeries; however, the technology is still pretty expensive to be utilized frequently.
The advancement in technology has proved to be of great usage in improving clinical outcomes. The creative tools have proved successful in reducing expenses and time duration pre and post surgeries. The evolution of technology shows a promising future for the field of orthopedics.
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