Gestational Diabetes - Causes, Symptoms, Diet & Prevention

Author : darfashan
Publish Date : 2021-08-26

Gestational Diabetes - Causes, Symptoms, Diet & Prevention

As you know, diabetes is a disease related to high blood sugar. Diabetes is commonly inherited within a family. However, some women who do not have diabetes in their families can also have diabetes in their pregnancy. This might happen since several hormonal changes arise during pregnancy.

Due to these hormonal changes, a woman's body produces more glucose to avoid low blood glucose. Yet, to control the rise of glucose, insulin production is also increasing up to three times greater than normal production. Some women might produce enough insulin to control blood glucose, yet others might not do so. The result is that they get gestational diabetes.

Who is at Risk for Gestational Diabetes?

You have a greater risk of gestational diabetes if you:

  • Are too inactive
  • Are more than 25 years old
  • Have a history of gestational diabetes
  • Are mother of a newborn with certain birth defects
  • Have a family history of diabetes
  • Are having high cholesterol, heart disease, or high blood pressure
  • Were overweight or obese before pregnancy
  • Had an unexplained miscarriage or stillbirth
  • Are having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Are carrying multiples, such as triplets or twins
  • Have gained too much weight while pregnant
  • Are taking glucocorticoids
  • Have previous birth of an infant weighing 4 Kgs or more
  • Are Pacific Islander, Hispanic, Native American, Alaska Native, African-American, or Asian

Signs & Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

There are no common symptoms of gestational diabetes. However, some moms-to-be may experience:

  • Excessive hunger
  • Snoring
  • Excess thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Nausea past the first trimester
  • Frequent vaginal infections
  • Blurred vision
  • High levels of fatigue
  • Frequent skin infections
  • Frequent bladder infections

Possible Complications of Gestational Diabetes

If you do not diagnose gestational diabetes initially, it can cause various health problems for you and your baby.

Complications that may affect your newborn:

  • Jaundice
  • Preeclampsia
  • Premature birth
  • Early (preterm) birth
  • Stillbirth (fetal death)
  • Shoulder dystocia
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
  • Congenital disabilities
  • Birth injury
  • Serious breathing difficulties
  • Excessive birth weight, 10 pounds or more
  • Obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life

Complications that may affect you:

  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Having a surgical delivery (C-section)
  • Type 2 diabetes in the future
  • High blood pressure and preeclampsia

Proper Gestational Diabetes Diet Plan

Gestational diabetes has some quite significant risks for the baby. Thus, those with this disease should manage their gestational diabetes diet programs to avoid any bigger problems because the types of food you eat directly affect your blood sugar level.


One source of blood sugar is carbohydrates. Carbohydrates will be processed and changed into blood sugar. You cannot completely stop eating carbohydrate since it is the source of your energy. You only need to decrease the amount of carbohydrates in your food.

Grain products, oatmeal, and fruits are examples of food that contain carbohydrates. For instance, you can have one slice of wheat bread, one boiled egg, one small cup of non-fat skim milk, and a small number of fruits, such as bananas or grapes. This is only an example of a breakfast diet menu you can create.

As each has different blood sugar levels and other body conditions, each woman will likely have a different amount and meal type. Thus, your own diet menu must be made based on your blood sugar level. You need to avoid overeating fruits and grains for your meal, especially breakfast since morning is when hormones elevate blood sugar levels fastest.


Another food which should be monitored is vegetables. Vegetables are indeed healthy since they provide fiber and vitamins. Yet, there are several starchy vegetables. These kinds of vegetables are the ones you need to decrease in your meal.

Eat loads of non-starchy vegetables. Starchy vegetables will also change into blood sugar after digestion. Also, you need to choose any low-fat food, such as tuna, lean meat, and chicken. From this food, you will still gain enough protein for your baby and your own health.

In addition, you also should have two up to three small meals for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. This is additional food that can help you to avoid the lack of energy supplies.

Managing your gestational diabetes diet menu plan cannot be randomly done. Although you already know some basic information about healthy meals, you still need to ask a doctor, dietitian or any other experts on this subject.

After talking with experts, you can add basic information you get to be your additional references. They can help you measure the exact amount of carbohydrates, protein, and stuff you need. Thus, as your diet is exactly prepared and counted, it will likely work well.

Ways to Prevent or Treat Gestational Diabetes

The prevention and treatment of gestational diabetes while you're pregnant depend primarily on:

  • The symptoms you experience
  • Your age during pregnancy
  • Your general health
  • How severe the condition is

To mitigate the risk of developing gestational diabetes, try these tips:

  • Start pregnancy at a healthy weight
  • Eat a balanced diet with low amounts of carbohydrates
  • Indulge in pregnancy-friendly exercises, such as walking, swimming, and prenatal yoga.
  • Keep track of your blood glucose levels regularly
  • Avoid gaining more weight than recommended while pregnant
  • Taking oral medicines for hypoglycemia
  • Taking insulin injections, if required

How to Minimize the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes?

If you have developed gestational diabetes, you can follow the tips given below to minimize your risk of type 2 diabetes later in life:

  • Breastfeed as much as possible
  • Exercise regularly
  • Stick to a healthy diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight after pregnancy
  • Monitor blood sugar regularly
  • Lose pregnancy weight within six months of childbirth

Stay Away from Gestational Diabetes & Flaunt Your Bump in Style

If you have developed diabetes during pregnancy, it doesn't mean you forget your style quotient. You can still look classy and fab while being comfortable at the same time with pregnant mom clothes. Invest in a couple of trendy and stylish maternity wear you can don from bump to baby.

There is a wide range of fashionable and comfortable pregnancy wear available online to choose from. This includes but is not limited to:

  • Easy breezy maternity kaftans
  • Pregnancy loungewear
  • Maternity nightwear
  • High-stretch maternity yoga wear
  • Two-piece maternity co-ord sets
  • Gorgeous maternity dresses
  • Maternity jeans, leggings, and pants
  • And so on.

Dress the way you want to, according to your comfort and style!

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