prevention of diarrhea

Publish Date : 2020-12-25

prevention of diarrhea

Diarrhea (the English language: diarrhea) is a disease when the stool or feces turns into mushy or liquid which usually happens at least three times in 24 hours.[1] In developing countries, diarrhea is the cause of death most common child deaths, and also killed more than 2.6 million people every year.

The cause
This condition can be a symptom of wounds, disease, allergies (fructose, lactose), excess vitamin C, and eating certain Fruits. Usually accompanied by abdominal pain and often nausea and vomiting. There are several other conditions that involves a but not all symptoms of diarrhea, and the official definition of medical of the diarrhea is defecation that exceed 200 grams per day.

Consuming foods that are acidic, spicy, or coconut milk at once can cause diarrhea also because it makes the intestinal surprised.

This occurs when insufficient fluid is absorbed by the large intestine. As part of the process digestasi, or because of the input fluid, the food is mixed with large amounts of water. Therefore, the digested food is composed of liquid before it reaches the large intestine. The large intestine absorbs water, leaving the other materials as impurities which are semi-solid. When the large intestine is damaged / inflammation, absorption does not occur and the result is feces that is watery.

Diarrhea is mostly caused by some virus infection but also often times the result of the toxins in bacteria. In sanitary living conditions and with food sufficient and available water, healthy patients usually recover from a common viral infection in a few days and a week. However for individuals who are sick or malnourished, diarrhea can cause severe dehydration and can be life-threatening without treatment.

Diarrhea can be a symptom of more serious diseases, such as dysentery, cholera, or botulism, and can also be indicative of a syndrome of chronic such as Crohn's disease. Though appendicitis patients do not generally experience diarrhea, diarrhea be a symptom of general inflammation of the appendix.

Diarrhea can also be caused by excessive alcohol consumption, especially in someone who is not eating enough. so if want to consume alcohol it is better to eat first.

Unstable weather conditions, sanitary shelter, and the condition of the house is still a dirty hit by a puddle of water, it is also difficult to get clean water lead to easy outbreak of diarrhea after the flood. Disease diarrhea visible light can actually harm the soul, because when the body lacks fluid, then all the organs will be impaired. Diarrhea will be more dangerous if occur in children.[2]

The symptoms usually found is defecating continuously accompanied by pain and heartburn prolonged, dehydration, nausea and vomiting. But other symptoms that can arise between other soreness in the back, and the abdomen often reads.

Treatment for diarrhea involves the patient consuming a certain amount of water sufficient to replace that lost, it is better when mixed with electrolytes to provide salts required and a number of nutrients. Ors and zinc tablets are the treatment of choice of major and has been estimated to have saved 50 million children in the last 25 years.[1] For many people, further treatment and medication official is not required.

If not available, ors powder, ors can be made with ingredients the following:[2]

200 ml or a glass the size of a leatherback boiled water
2 teaspoons granulated sugar
1/2 teaspoon fine salt

Prevention of diarrhea
Some of the ways penggulangan diarrhea among other things:

Take care of hydration with the electrolytes balanced. This is the way most appropriate in most cases of diarrhea, even dysentery. Consume a large amount of water that is not diseimbangi with an electrolyte that can be eaten can result in electrolyte imbalance which is dangerous and in some rare cases can be fatal (water intoxication).
Try eating more often but with smaller portion, the frequency regularly, and do not eat or drink too quickly.
Intravenous fluids: sometimes, especially in children, dehydration can be life-threatening and intravenous fluids may be required.
Oral rehydration therapy: Taking a solution of sugar/salt, which can be absorbed by the body.
Maintain the cleanliness and insulation: body Hygiene is a major factor in limiting the spread of the disease.

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